Node JS Express Mysql CRUD Tutorial

Node JS Express Mysql CRUD Tutorial

Node js express crud example with MySQL; In this tutorial, you will learn how to build crud (create, update, read, delete) application in node js express js framework with MySQL database.

Node js express crud tutorial MySQL will create a crude customer management application. In which you can add customers, edit customers and also delete customers from the database using node js express with MySQL database.

Crud operation in node js using express MySQL tutorial will help to create a crud operation application in node js express with MySQL database.

 Node js Express CRUD Example with MySQL

  • Step 1 – Create Node JS App
  • Step 2 – Install flash,validator,session ,override MySQL Libraries
  • Step 3 – Connect to Node js Express CRUD App
  • Step 4 – Create Server.js File
  • Step 5 – Create CRUD Routes
  • Step 6 – Create views
  • Step 7 – Start Node Express js Crud + MySQL app

Step 1 – Create Node JS App

Execute the following command on terminal to create node js express app:

Use the below command and create your express project with name expressfirst

express --view=ejs expressfirst

After successfully created expressfirst folder in your system. Next follow the below commands and install node js in your project :

cd expressfirst

npm install

Step 2 – Install flash,validator,session ,override MySQL Libraries

Install flash,validator,session ,override MySQL Libraries into your node js express crud + MySQL application by executing the following command on terminal:

 npm install express-flash --save
npm install express-session --save
npm install express-validator --save
npm install method-override --save
npm install mysql --save
express-flash

Flash is an extension of connect-flash with the ability to define a flash message and render it without redirecting the request.
In this node js mysql crud tutorial express flash is used to display a warning, error and information message

express-session

Express-session is used to made a session as like in PHP. In this node js mysql crud tutorial, session is needed as the express requirement of express-flash.

express-validator

Express validator is used to validate form data it is easy to use. express-validator highly effective and efficient way to accelerate the creation of applications.

method-override

NPM is used to run a DELETE and PUT method from an HTML form. In several web browsers only support GET and POST methods.

MySQL

Driver to connect node.js with MySQL

Step 3 – Connect to Node js Express CRUD App

Create one folder name lib and create a new file name db.js inside this folder. We will connect node js to mysql using this file

lib/db.js
 var mysql=require('mysql');
 var connection=mysql.createConnection({
   host:'localhost',
   user:'your username',
   password:'your password',
   database:'your database name'
 });
connection.connect(function(error){
   if(!!error){
     console.log(error);
   }else{
     console.log('Connected!:)');
   }
 });  
module.exports = connection; 

Step 4 – Create Server.js File

Visit your app root directory and create a new file name server.js And add the following code into it:

 var createError = require('http-errors');
 var express = require('express');
 var path = require('path');
 var cookieParser = require('cookie-parser');
 var logger = require('morgan');
 var expressValidator = require('express-validator');
 var flash = require('express-flash');
 var session = require('express-session');
 var bodyParser = require('body-parser');

 var mysql = require('mysql');
 var connection  = require('./lib/db');

 var indexRouter = require('./routes/index');
 var usersRouter = require('./routes/users');
 var customersRouter = require('./routes/customers');

 var app = express();

// view engine setup
 app.set('views', path.join(__dirname, 'views'));
 app.set('view engine', 'ejs');

 app.use(logger('dev'));
 app.use(bodyParser.json());
 app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: true }));
 app.use(cookieParser());
 app.use(express.static(path.join(__dirname, 'public')));

 app.use(session({ 
     secret: '123456cat',
     resave: false,
     saveUninitialized: true,
     cookie: { maxAge: 60000 }
 }))

 app.use(flash());
 app.use(expressValidator());

 app.use('/', indexRouter);
 app.use('/users', usersRouter);
 app.use('/customers', customersRouter);

 // catch 404 and forward to error handler
 app.use(function(req, res, next) {
   next(createError(404));
 });

 // error handler
 app.use(function(err, req, res, next) {
   // set locals, only providing error in development
   res.locals.message = err.message;
   res.locals.error = req.app.get('env') === 'development' ? err : {};
 // render the error page
   res.status(err.status || 500);
   res.render('error');
 });
// port must be set to 3000 because incoming http requests are routed from port 80 to port 8080
app.listen(3000, function () {
    console.log('Node app is running on port 3000');
});
 module.exports = app;

Step 5 – Create CRUD Routes

Create crud route file name customers.js; so visit inside routes folder and create this file. Then add the following code into it:

var express = require('express');
var router = express.Router();
var connection  = require('../lib/db');
/* GET home page. */
router.get('/', function(req, res, next) {
connection.query('SELECT * FROM customers ORDER BY id desc',function(err,rows)     {
if(err){
req.flash('error', err); 
res.render('customers',{page_title:"Customers - Node.js",data:''});   
}else{
res.render('customers',{page_title:"Customers - Node.js",data:rows});
}
});
});
// SHOW ADD USER FORM
router.get('/add', function(req, res, next){    
// render to views/user/add.ejs
res.render('customers/add', {
title: 'Add New Customers',
name: '',
email: ''        
})
})
// ADD NEW USER POST ACTION
router.post('/add', function(req, res, next){    
req.assert('name', 'Name is required').notEmpty()           //Validate name
req.assert('email', 'A valid email is required').isEmail()  //Validate email
var errors = req.validationErrors()
if( !errors ) {   //No errors were found.  Passed Validation!
var user = {
name: req.sanitize('name').escape().trim(),
email: req.sanitize('email').escape().trim()
}
connection.query('INSERT INTO customers SET ?', user, function(err, result) {
//if(err) throw err
if (err) {
req.flash('error', err)
// render to views/user/add.ejs
res.render('customers/add', {
title: 'Add New Customer',
name: user.name,
email: user.email                    
})
} else {                
req.flash('success', 'Data added successfully!');
res.redirect('/customers');
}
})
}
else {   //Display errors to user
var error_msg = ''
errors.forEach(function(error) {
error_msg += error.msg + '<br>'
})                
req.flash('error', error_msg)        
/**
* Using req.body.name 
* because req.param('name') is deprecated
*/ 
res.render('customers/add', { 
title: 'Add New Customer',
name: req.body.name,
email: req.body.email
})
}
})
// SHOW EDIT USER FORM
router.get('/edit/(:id)', function(req, res, next){
connection.query('SELECT * FROM customers WHERE id = ' + req.params.id, function(err, rows, fields) {
if(err) throw err
// if user not found
if (rows.length <= 0) {
req.flash('error', 'Customers not found with id = ' + req.params.id)
res.redirect('/customers')
}
else { // if user found
// render to views/user/edit.ejs template file
res.render('customers/edit', {
title: 'Edit Customer', 
//data: rows[0],
id: rows[0].id,
name: rows[0].name,
email: rows[0].email                    
})
}            
})
})
// EDIT USER POST ACTION
router.post('/update/:id', function(req, res, next) {
req.assert('name', 'Name is required').notEmpty()           //Validate nam           //Validate age
req.assert('email', 'A valid email is required').isEmail()  //Validate email
var errors = req.validationErrors()
if( !errors ) {   
var user = {
name: req.sanitize('name').escape().trim(),
email: req.sanitize('email').escape().trim()
}
connection.query('UPDATE customers SET ? WHERE id = ' + req.params.id, user, function(err, result) {
//if(err) throw err
if (err) {
req.flash('error', err)
// render to views/user/add.ejs
res.render('customers/edit', {
title: 'Edit Customer',
id: req.params.id,
name: req.body.name,
email: req.body.email
})
} else {
req.flash('success', 'Data updated successfully!');
res.redirect('/customers');
}
})
}
else {   //Display errors to user
var error_msg = ''
errors.forEach(function(error) {
error_msg += error.msg + '<br>'
})
req.flash('error', error_msg)
/**
* Using req.body.name 
* because req.param('name') is deprecated
*/ 
res.render('customers/edit', { 
title: 'Edit Customer',            
id: req.params.id, 
name: req.body.name,
email: req.body.email
})
}
})
// DELETE USER
router.get('/delete/(:id)', function(req, res, next) {
var user = { id: req.params.id }
connection.query('DELETE FROM customers WHERE id = ' + req.params.id, user, function(err, result) {
//if(err) throw err
if (err) {
req.flash('error', err)
// redirect to users list page
res.redirect('/customers')
} else {
req.flash('success', 'Customer deleted successfully! id = ' + req.params.id)
// redirect to users list page
res.redirect('/customers')
}
})
})
module.exports = router;

Step 6 – Create views

First we will create one foleder name customers inside the views folder.
Next we need to create three views file name add.ejs, edit.ejs and index.ejs. We will create three view files inside the views/customers folder.

Create first file index.ejs

Index.ejs file, we will display the list of customers.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Customers</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='/stylesheets/style.css' />
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-ChfqqxuZUCnJSK3+MXmPNIyE6ZbWh2IMqE241rYiqJxyMiZ6OW/JmZQ5stwEULTy" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<link href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsV7Zt27NXFoaoApmYm81iuXoPkFOJwJ8ERdknLPMO" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
<div>
<a href="/" class="btn btn-primary ml-3">Home</a>  
<a href="/customers/add" class="btn btn-secondary ml-3">New Customer</a> 
<a href="/customers" class="btn btn-info ml-3">Customer List</a>
</div>    
<!--   <% if (messages.error) { %>
<p style="color:red"><%- messages.error %></p>
<% } %> -->
<% if (messages.success) { %>
<p class="alert alert-success mt-4"><%- messages.success %></p>
<% } %>  
<br>
<table class="table">
<thead>
<tr>
<th scope="col">#</th>
<th scope="col">Name</th>
<th scope="col">Email</th>
<th width="200px">Action</th>
</tr>
</thead>
<tbody>
<% if(data.length){
for(var i = 0; i< data.length; i++) {%>  
<tr>
<th scope="row"><%= (i+1) %></th>
<td><%= data[i].name%></td>
<td><%= data[i].email%></td>
<td>
<a class="btn btn-success edit" href="../customers/edit/<%=data[i].id%>">Edit</a>                       
<a class="btn btn-danger delete" onclick="return alert('Are You sure?')" href="../customers/delete/<%=data[i].id%>">Delete</a>                       
</td>
</tr>
<% }
}else{ %>
<tr>
<td colspan="3">No user</td>
</tr>
<% } %>    
</tbody>
</table>
</body>
</html>

Create second file name add.ejs

Add.ejs file, we will create form for sending to data in database.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Customers</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='/stylesheets/style.css' />
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-ChfqqxuZUCnJSK3+MXmPNIyE6ZbWh2IMqE241rYiqJxyMiZ6OW/JmZQ5stwEULTy" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<link href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsV7Zt27NXFoaoApmYm81iuXoPkFOJwJ8ERdknLPMO" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
<% if (messages.error) { %>
<p style="color:red"><%- messages.error %></p>
<% } %>
<% if (messages.success) { %>
<p style="color:green"><%- messages.success %></p>
<% } %>
<form action="/customers/add" method="post" name="form1">
<div class="form-group">
<label for="exampleInputPassword1">Name</label>
<input type="text" class="form-control" name="name" id="name" value="" placeholder="Name">
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
<input type="email" name="email" class="form-control" id="email" aria-describedby="emailHelp" placeholder="Enter email" value="">
</div>
<input type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" value="Add">
</form>
</body>
</html>

Create third file name edit.ejs

Next create last file edit.ejs, we will to edit data in this form.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Customers</title>
<link rel='stylesheet' href='/stylesheets/style.css' />
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.3.1.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/js/bootstrap.min.js" integrity="sha384-ChfqqxuZUCnJSK3+MXmPNIyE6ZbWh2IMqE241rYiqJxyMiZ6OW/JmZQ5stwEULTy" crossorigin="anonymous"></script>
<link href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" integrity="sha384-MCw98/SFnGE8fJT3GXwEOngsV7Zt27NXFoaoApmYm81iuXoPkFOJwJ8ERdknLPMO" crossorigin="anonymous">
</head>
<body>
<form action="/customers/update/<%= id %>" method="post" name="form1">
<div class="form-group">
<label for="exampleInputPassword1">Name</label>
<input type="text" class="form-control" name="name" id="name" value="<%= name %>" placeholder="Name">
</div>
<div class="form-group">
<label for="exampleInputEmail1">Email address</label>
<input type="email" class="form-control" name="email" id="email" aria-describedby="emailHelp" placeholder="Enter email" value="<%= email %>">
</div>
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-info">Update</button>
</form>
</body>
</html>

Step 7 – Start Node Express js Crud + MySQL app

run the below command

npm start

after run this command open your browser and hit

http://127.0.0.1:3000/customers

Conclusion

Node js + express crud with MySQL tutorial; you have learned how to build crud (create, read, update, delete) application with mysql database in node express js.

Node js express crud tutorial mysql will looks like:

node js mysql crud
node js mysql add crud
node js crud

Recommended Node Js Tutorials

AuthorAdmin

My name is Devendra Dode. I am a full-stack developer, entrepreneur, and owner of Tutsmake.com. I like writing tutorials and tips that can help other developers. I share tutorials of PHP, Python, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Livewire, Codeigniter, Node JS, Express JS, Vue JS, Angular JS, React Js, MySQL, MongoDB, REST APIs, Windows, Xampp, Linux, Ubuntu, Amazon AWS, Composer, SEO, WordPress, SSL and Bootstrap from a starting stage. As well as demo example.

4 replies to Node JS Express Mysql CRUD Tutorial

  1. Hello, this example helped me clarify some doubts I have.
    I will try to implement authentication using passaport.
    Do you have any tips for using passaport?
    Congratulations!

  2. Hi..
    Nice tutorial…
    Now i wonder how to integrate this application with frontend framework like vue, Nuxt etc…

    Thanks

  3. This is the best tutorial I have ever read through. It helps a lot. Now I know how to implement pooling

  4. This node js express crud example with mysql will very helpful for creating a simple crud app in node js express using mysql with validation.

    Thanks

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