Python Program to Calculate the Variance

Python Program to Calculate the Variance

Python program to find variance; In this tutorial, you will learn how to find or calculate the variance in python using numpy.

Python Program to Calculate the Variance

  • Write a program to calculate variance in python.
  • Python calculate variance without numpy

Write a program to calculate variance in python

import numpy as np

dataset= [21, 11, 19, 18, 29, 46, 20]

variance= np.var(dataset)

print(variance)

Output

 108.81632653061224 

Note:- Python variance() is an inbuilt function that is used to calculate the variance from the sample of data (sample is a subset of populated data). Python statistics module provides potent tools, which can be used to compute anything related to Statistics.

Python calculate variance without numpy

#define a function, to calculate variance
def variance(X):
    mean = sum(X)/len(X)
    tot = 0.0
    for x in X:
        tot = tot + (x - mean)**2
    return tot/len(X)

# call the function with data set
x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9] 
print("variance is: ", variance(x))

y = [1, 2, 3, -4, -5, -6, -7, -8] 
print("variance is: ", variance(y))

z = [10, -20, 30, -40, 50, -60, 70, -80] 
print("variance is: ", variance(z))


Output

variance is:  6.666666666666667 
variance is:  16.5 
variance is:  2525.0 

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