Remove Special or Specific Characters From a String In PHP

In PHP, Remove special or specific characters from a string. This tutorial demonstrates to you, how you can remove special or specific characters from string.

When you work with PHP or any other PHP framework like laravel, Codeigniter, Cake PHP, etc. Many times you want to remove special or specific character from a string.

Remove Special or Specific Characters From a String In PHP

This tutorial explains to you, how you can easily remove special or specific characters from string in PHP. We will show you two methods to remove the special or specific character from string with or without using a regular expression.

Str_replace PHP Function

The str_replace() function finds characters in a string and replaces some characters with some other characters in a string.

Syntax

str_replace(find,replace,string,count)

You can use PHP function str_replace() to remove special characters or specific characters from string in PHP.

1. Remove Specific Character from String

We have one string if you want to remove specific characters from a string. So use the below function:

function RemoveSpecificCharacter($string){
   $title = str_replace( 'World', ' Tutsmake.com ', $string);    
   return $title;
 }

The above example removes “World” to Tutsmake.com. When you pass any string in this function, this function removes find “World” in a given string and replace it to “Tutsmake.com”. And return a new string.

2. Remove Special Character From String

If you want to remove special character (#,@,%,&,*, etc) from string in PHP. You can use the below function for that:

function remove_special_character($string) {

    $t = $string;

    $specChars = array(
        ' ' => '-',    '!' => '',    '"' => '',
        '#' => '',    '$' => '',    '%' => '',
        '&' => '',    '\'' => '',   '(' => '',
        ')' => '',    '*' => '',    '+' => '',
        ',' => '',    '₹' => '',    '.' => '',
        '/-' => '',    ':' => '',    ';' => '',
        '<' => '',    '=' => '',    '>' => '',
        '?' => '',    '@' => '',    '[' => '',
        '\\' => '',   ']' => '',    '^' => '',
        '_' => '',    '`' => '',    '{' => '',
        '|' => '',    '}' => '',    '~' => '',
        '-----' => '-',    '----' => '-',    '---' => '-',
        '/' => '',    '--' => '-',   '/_' => '-',   
        
    );

    foreach ($specChars as $k => $v) {
        $t = str_replace($k, $v, $t);
    }

    return $t;
}

The above function will remove all the special characters from the given string in PHP. If you want to add more any special character for remove in the given string, you can do it easily.

Preg_replace PHP Function

The PHP preg_replace() function is used to perform a regular expression for search and replace the content.

Syntax Of Preg_replace Function:

 preg_replace( $pattern, $replacement, $subject, $limit, $count );

Example – Remove Special Character From String Using Regular Expression

You can use the preg_replace function to remove the special character from the string using regular expression in PHP.

function RemoveSpecialCharacter($string){
  $result  = preg_replace('/[^a-zA-Z0-9_ -]/s','',$string);	
  return $result;
}

Conclusion

In this tutorial, you have learned, how you can easily remove special characters or specific characters in the string using the PHP function str_replace() and preg_replace().

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