Laravel 8 Ajax Multiple Image Upload Tutorial

Laravel 8 Ajax Multiple Image Upload Tutorial

Ajax multiple image uploading with preview in laravel 8 app. In this tutorial, we would like to share with you how to upload multiple image using ajax with preview in laravel 8 app.

Before uploading multiple images using jQuery and ajax into DB and folder in laravel 8 app, will display the preview of multiple images using jQuery. And Also, validate image mime type, size, height, width on the server side.

Multiple image upload using ajax in laravel 8 app is very basic requirement of every laravel project.

So, In this tutorial, you will learn how to upload multiple image using jQuery and ajax with preview in laravel 8 App.

Laravel 8 Ajax Multiple Image Upload with Preview Tutorial

  • Step 1 – Install Laravel 8 Application
  • Step 2 – Database Configuration
  • Step 3 – Build Photo Model & Migration
  • Step 4 – Create Routes
  • Step 5 – Generate Controller using Artisan Command
  • Step 6 – Create an Ajax Form to Upload Multiple Image
  • Step 7 – jQuery Code To Show Multiple Image Preview
  • Step 8 – Write Ajax Code to Upload Multiple Image
  • Step 9 – Start Development Server

Step 1 – Install Laravel 8 Application

In step 1, open your terminal and navigate to your local web server directory using the following command:

//for windows user
cd xampp/htdocs

//for ubuntu user
cd var/www/html

Then install laravel 8 latest application using the following command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2 – Database Configuration

In step 2, open your downloaded laravel 8 app into any text editor. Then find .env file and configure database detail like following:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=db name
DB_USERNAME=db user name
DB_PASSWORD=db password

Step 3 – Build Model & Migration

In this step, use the below given command to create phtoto migration and model file.

First of all, navigate to project by using the following command:

cd / blog

Then create model and migration file by using the following command:

php artisan make:model Photo -m

The above command will create two files into your laravel 8 multiple image upload with validation tutorial app, which is located inside the following locations:

  • blog/app/Models/Photo.php
  • blog/database/migrations/create_photos_table.php

So, find create_photos_table.php file inside blog/database/migrations/ directory. Then open this file and add the following code into function up() on this file:

    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('photos', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->string('path');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

Now, open again your terminal and type the following command on cmd to create tables into your selected database:

php artisan migrate

Step 4 – Create Routes

In this step, open your web.php file, so navigate inside routes directory. Then update the following routes into the web.php file:

use App\Http\Controllers\AjaxUploadMultipleImageController;

Route::get('multiple-image-preview', [AjaxUploadMultipleImageController::class, 'index']);

Route::post('upload-multiple-image-ajax', [AjaxUploadMultipleImageController::class, 'saveUpload']);

Step 5 – Create Controller using Artisan Command

In this step, use the below given php artisan command to create controller:

php artisan make:controller AjaxUploadMultipleImageController

The above command will create AjaxUploadMultipleImageController.php file, which is located inside blog/app/Http/Controllers/ directory.

So open UploadImagesController.php file and add the following code into it:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;

use App\Models\Photo;

class AjaxUploadMultipleImageController extends Controller
{
   public function index()
    {
        return view('multiple-image-upload-preview-ajax');
    }

    public function saveUpload(Request $request)
    {
        
        $validatedData = $request->validate([
        'images' => 'required',
        'images.*' => 'mimes:jpg,png,jpeg,gif,svg'
        ]);

        if($request->TotalImages > 0)
        {
               
           for ($x = 0; $x < $request->TotalImages; $x++) 
           {

               if ($request->hasFile('images'.$x)) 
                {
                    $file      = $request->file('images'.$x);

                    $path = $file->store('public/images');
                    $name = $file->getClientOriginalName();

                    $insert[$x]['name'] = $name;
                    $insert[$x]['path'] = $path;
                }
           }

            Photo::insert($insert);

            return response()->json(['success'=>'Multiple Image has been uploaded into db and storage directory']);

         
        }
        else
        {
           return response()->json(["message" => "Please try again."]);
        }

    }   
        
}

Step 6 – Create an Ajax Form to Upload Multiple Image

In step this, Go to resources/views directory. And then create a new blade view file named multiple-image-upload-preview-ajax.blade.php inside this directory.

So, open this multiple-image-upload-preview-ajax.blade.php file in text editor and update the following code into it:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Laravel 8 Multiple Image Upload AJAX With Preview - Tutsmake.com</title>
<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://stackpath.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.5.2/css/bootstrap.min.css">
<script src="https://code.jquery.com/jquery-3.5.1.min.js"></script>
<style>
.show-multiple-image-preview img
{
padding: 6px;
max-width: 100px;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>
<div class="container mt-5">
<h2 class="text-center">Laravel 8 Ajax Multiple Image Upload With Preview - Tutsmake.com</h2>
<div class="text-center">
<form id="multiple-image-preview-ajax" method="POST"  action="javascript:void(0)" accept-charset="utf-8" enctype="multipart/form-data">
@csrf
<div class="row">
<div class="col-md-12">
<div class="form-group">
<input type="file" name="images[]" id="images" placeholder="Choose images" multiple >
</div>
@error('images')
<div class="alert alert-danger mt-1 mb-1">{{ $message }}</div>
@enderror
</div>
<div class="col-md-12">
<div class="mt-1 text-center">
<div class="show-multiple-image-preview"> </div>
</div>  
</div>
<div class="col-md-12">
<button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary" id="submit">Submit</button>
</div>
</div>     
</form>
</div>
</div>  
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function (e) {
$.ajaxSetup({
headers: {
'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
}
});
$(function() {
// Multiple images preview with JavaScript
var ShowMultipleImagePreview = function(input, imgPreviewPlaceholder) {
if (input.files) {
var filesAmount = input.files.length;
for (i = 0; i < filesAmount; i++) {
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onload = function(event) {
$($.parseHTML('<img>')).attr('src', event.target.result).appendTo(imgPreviewPlaceholder);
}
reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
}
}
};
$('#images').on('change', function() {
ShowMultipleImagePreview(this, 'div.show-multiple-image-preview');
});
});    
$('#multiple-image-preview-ajax').submit(function(e) {
e.preventDefault();
var formData = new FormData(this);
let TotalImages = $('#images')[0].files.length; //Total Images
let images = $('#images')[0];
for (let i = 0; i < TotalImages; i++) {
formData.append('images' + i, images.files[i]);
}
formData.append('TotalImages', TotalImages);
$.ajax({
type:'POST',
url: "{{ url('upload-multiple-image-ajax')}}",
data: formData,
cache:false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,
success: (data) => {
this.reset();
alert('Images has been uploaded using jQuery ajax with preview');
$('.show-multiple-image-preview').html("")
},
error: function(data){
console.log(data);
}
});
});
});
</script>
</body>
</html>

Step 7 – jQuery Code To Show Multiple Image Preview

In this step, implement the jQuery code to display or show multiple image preview before upload using ajax in laravel 8:

$(function() {
// Multiple images preview with JavaScript
var ShowMultipleImagePreview = function(input, imgPreviewPlaceholder) {
if (input.files) {
var filesAmount = input.files.length;
for (i = 0; i < filesAmount; i++) {
var reader = new FileReader();
reader.onload = function(event) {
$($.parseHTML('<img>')).attr('src', event.target.result).appendTo(imgPreviewPlaceholder);
}
reader.readAsDataURL(input.files[i]);
}
}
};
$('#images').on('change', function() {
ShowMultipleImagePreview(this, 'div.show-multiple-image-preview');
});
}); 

Step 8 – Write Ajax Code to Upload Multiple Image

In this step, implement the jQuery and ajax code will upload multiple image on laravel 8 controller file:

$('#multiple-image-preview-ajax').submit(function(e) {
e.preventDefault();
var formData = new FormData(this);
let TotalImages = $('#images')[0].files.length; //Total Images
let images = $('#images')[0];
for (let i = 0; i < TotalImages; i++) {
formData.append('images' + i, images.files[i]);
}
formData.append('TotalImages', TotalImages);
$.ajax({
type:'POST',
url: "{{ url('upload-multiple-image-ajax')}}",
data: formData,
cache:false,
contentType: false,
processData: false,
success: (data) => {
this.reset();
alert('Images has been uploaded using jQuery ajax with preview');
$('.show-multiple-image-preview').html("")
},
error: function(data){
console.log(data);
}
});
});

Step 9 – Start Development Server

In this step, run the following command on cmd to start the development server:

php artisan serve

Then start this app on browser, so open your browser and fire the following url into browser:

http://127.0.0.1:8000/multiple-image-preview

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AuthorAdmin

My name is Devendra Dode. I am a full-stack developer, entrepreneur, and owner of Tutsmake.com. I like writing tutorials and tips that can help other developers. I share tutorials of PHP, Python, Javascript, JQuery, Laravel, Livewire, Codeigniter, Node JS, Express JS, Vue JS, Angular JS, React Js, MySQL, MongoDB, REST APIs, Windows, Xampp, Linux, Ubuntu, Amazon AWS, Composer, SEO, WordPress, SSL and Bootstrap from a starting stage. As well as demo example.

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